The Albanian passport ( Pasaporta shqiptare ) is the identification document issued to the citizens of Albania to enable them to travel abroad. The passports are issued by the Ministry of the Interior.
In 2009 the Albanian government started to issue the biometric passport. The driving force behind this company was the hope for modernization that would approach international standards. From 2011 this passport is the only valid one in the Balkan Republic . In order to acquire this ID, the Albanian government stipulates that a citizen must apply for this passport at the post office. For a fee of six thousand lek (about 50 euros), the passport is issued and the passport photo of the owner is attached. The fingerprints are also stored in the passport. This passport is valid for ten years.
These passports contain a microchip in which the biometric data, such as photo, signature and fingerprints of the owner are embedded. The information on the passport is written in both Albanian and English . The Albanian government introduced this passport because of the higher security and the poorer possibility of forging this document.
The first Albanian passport was introduced in the 1920s when the newly formed state began to consolidate politically. During the communist era in the country between 1945 and 1991, the government did not allow its citizens to travel abroad, so passports were only issued for diplomatic trips in very limited numbers. After 1991, the Albanian government printed passports for every citizen who wanted to acquire one.
- From 1991 to 1996 the passport had a noticeable red color on the cover page. The security was much lower, since the authenticity of this document was only guaranteed by a stamp on the ID photo. The biometric data was written down by hand.
- From 1996 to 2002 the color of the passport was brown. Security standards have been increased by laminating the photo and eliminating the need to handwrite the biometric data. During this time, the pass was manufactured by a Canadian company.
- From 2002 to 2009, the passport, which has now returned to its former color darker, had almost all standards, with the exception of the microchip. The Bundesdruckerei presented the passport ago at this time.
- The passport has been in burgundy red since 2009 and is equipped with an implanted microchip. The French Sagem Sécurité is now duplicating the passport.
- Passport law ( Memento of January 9, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) (Albanian)
- Ministria e Punëve të Brendshme / Ministry of Interior of Albania
- Ministria e Punëve të Jashtme / Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania
- Description of the modernization of the pass ( Memento of July 10, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Albania's ID cards key to visa regime, elections ( Memento from March 20, 2012 in the Internet Archive )