Ali Al-Tantawi

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Ali Al-Tantawi

Ali Al-Tantawi ( Arabic علي الطنطاوي, DMG ʿAlī aṭ-Ṭanṭāwī ; * 1909 in Damascus , Ottoman Empire ; † 1999 in Jeddah , Saudi Arabia ); alternatively Ali Al-Tintawi was a Sunni lawyer , journalist, and Islamic activist of Syrian origin. He was popular in Syria and reached an international audience from his exile in Saudi Arabia.

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Ali at-Tintawi was from Damascus. He graduated from Damascus University in 1932 in law. He also took private instructions from well-known Islamic scholars.

In 1930 he founded Al-Baath ( The Rebirth ), the first Islamic newspaper in Damascus, which was discontinued in 1932 for financial reasons. During the 1930s he joined the National Bloc , which sought independence from the French mandate by peaceful means. In 1941 Al-Tantawi took over a position as civil judge in Damascus. After Syria gained independence, he took a position as a professor at Damascus University.

During the 1950s, Al-Tantawi turned to Arab nationalism with a Nasserist stamp and supported the United Arab Republic with Syria. When this union with Egypt was accompanied by the ban on political parties, persecution of dissidents and restriction of the freedom of the press, Al-Tantawi was one of the leading critics of the union. In the course of this, he was one of the supporters of the coup in Syria which ended the VAR in 1961. After the Ba'ath Party came to power in 1963 , al-Tantawi was politically persecuted and expelled from the country by Nazim al-Qudsi, like other supporters of the post-Nazi government .

He settled in Mecca and carried out international activities as an Islamic cleric from Saudi Arabia. He reached a large audience with public sermons in the mass media.

His better-known book publications included Fusul Islamiya ( Islamic Seasons ), Ma'a an-Nass ( With the People ), Fi Sabil al-Islah ( On the Path of Reform ). His book Dimashq as the Social History of Damascus and his memoirs became bestsellers in the Arab world.

Individual evidence

  1. Short biography on the website of the König Faisal Prize in English, accessed as html in English, last accessed on July 7, 2018
  2. a b c d Sami Moubayed: Steel and Silk - Men and Women who Shaped Syria 1900 - 2000. Seattle, 2006, pp. 397f