Ambient intelligence

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Ambient Intelligence (short AmI , German ambient intelligence ) is a technological paradigm , which is primarily related to the European Research Program Information Society Technologies stands. It is related to the US with more hardware-oriented approach research, Ubiquitous Computing (dt. Rechnerallgegenwart ) and with the concept of industry, the pervasive computing . As part of the innovation initiative of the German federal government , these terms are also summarized under Next Generation Media . A special research area is so-called wearable computing , which aims to integrate IT support into work clothes. Organic Computing, on the other hand, aims to make complexity manageable through mechanisms of self-organization.

The aim of the research efforts should be to massively network sensors, radio modules and computer processors in order to improve everyday life. The first areas of application are, for example, the intelligent house, all of its facilities (heating, kitchen appliances, shutters, etc.) can be operated from anywhere with (mobile) computers ( smartphones or PDAs ) and adaptively adapt to the needs of the residents, as well as the more efficient ones Use of the transport infrastructure. Sensor networks can take on countless monitoring tasks - on the one hand for the benefit of people (fire protection, early earthquake warning, traffic flow control), on the other hand they could also be used for more dubious purposes ( control , " transparent citizens "). E.g. the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) is dedicated to the research questions that arise from AmI technologies in products or in the work environment, when workflows and processes are optimized and thereby affect the performance of the work system, but also the health and well-being of employees can be. For safety and health at work, impact assessments on the opportunities and risks of the new technologies in the work environment and with regard to the effects on work systems are particularly important.

European research focuses on the development of architectures and applications and less on the development of the basic technical building blocks.

The positive vision is that the expansion of almost all objects to include communication skills and a certain intelligence, will make our everyday life noticeably easier and the intelligent environment will support us in a natural way when necessary. This means that using the computer's power does not require any more attention than performing other everyday activities such as walking, eating or reading.


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