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The term analyst (including analysts , according to Austrian Dictionary analyst ) is a collective term for different professions in which the analysis of the focus of the job description forms.

Business analyst

The group of people, usually called business analysts , deals with the support and analysis of a company's business activities. For example, in the area of risk control at credit institutions, their processes and methods are analyzed and further developed for specialist users. In addition, business analysts are responsible for the further development of the software that is used by specialist users, write the technical specifications for software developments or extensions and form the bridge between the supervised specialist area and the service departments (e.g. the IT department). Business analysts collect information relevant to their assignment and analyze it, assess and evaluate possible problem solutions , define the requirements and support implementation. The BABOK Guide defines business analysis as the "sum of the tasks and methods that are used to mediate between different stakeholders with the aim of understanding the structures, principles and processes of a company and recommending targeted solutions."

Financial analyst

Financial analysts systematically evaluate financial market information about possible investment or trading objects (such as securities , companies or stock market indices ) and draw conclusions from this about their development. A specialized financial analyst is the credit analyst who deals with the analysis of credit risks as part of the creditworthiness check and uses informal insolvency forecasting procedures.

Technology analyst

Technology analysts are market researchers and consultants who

  • deal with the positioning and strategy of companies operating in the fields of information technology (IT) and telecommunications (TC) ,
  • often compare competing systems qualitatively, e.g. B. in information technology,
  • deal with the importance of new technologies and trends for manufacturers and users in the IT and telecommunications sector,
  • after being commissioned by technology companies or technology users, work on specific problems of these clients.

Technology analysts advise buyers and users of IT and telecommunications products and services as well as IT and telecommunications providers and often have a significant influence on the press . The professional communication with industry analysts on the part of IT and telecommunications providers is handled by employees or external providers from the analyst relations area .

Technology analysts draw an overall picture of a technology market from a large amount of information. IT research companies such as International Data Corporation (IDC), Gartner , Forrester , Ovum , Berlecon Research , Lünendonk or Pierre Audoin Consultants regularly publish studies that have, for example, the following or a similar title: “The market for IT services in Germany, 2002-2007 ". In such a study, sales volume , the possible development of sales in the future, an overview of the offers of the relevant providers or a ranking of providers in a defined market can be worked out.

In Germany there are over 100 industrial analysts who have a decisive influence on the IT market through their consultancy work.

Intelligence analyst

There is also the job of the analyst in intelligence . Partly related is the task of the evaluator , who, however, works more closely on the source material and makes it accessible for possible later analysis.

In an intelligence service it is the task of an analyst to sift through the information obtained from various sources, to evaluate it and to prepare situation assessments and reports on this basis. While these processes have always taken place in the intelligence and intelligence services , the American OSS is considered to be the origin of modern, academic and scientific analysts during the Second World War .

OSINT analyst

An OSINT analyst gathers information from freely accessible sources in order to gain usable insights by analyzing different information. The term "Open Source Intelligence" (OSINT) comes from the world of intelligence services and describes the extraction of news from freely available, open sources.

Individual evidence

  1. Ingrid Gerstbach, Peter Gerstba: basic knowledge business analysis. 2015, p. 16
  2. International Institute of Business Analysis: Guide to the Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK). Version 2.0, 2012, p. 15 f.
  3. ^ Tim B. Müller, warrior and scholar. Herbert Marcuse and the systems of thought in the Cold War, Hamburg 2010.

Web links

Wiktionary: Analyst  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations