Anhan ( Persian انشان, DMG Anšān , also Anzan , modern: Tal-i Malyan ) was a city of the Elam Empire in present-day Iran in the Fars province . The oldest settlement remains go back to around 5500 BC. BC back. The city was one of the main centers of Elam.
Anshan (Tal-i Malyan) is now a large archaeological site covering around 200 hectares. Excavations carried out by the University of Pennsylvania took place in 1971, 1972, 1974, 1976, and 1978.
One of the earliest textual evidence reports that the Akkadian king Maništušu (approx. 2250 BC) moved through the city to reach the Persian Gulf. Nothing is reported about a conquest. Of Ur-Nammu is reported that he fought his reign against Anshan in the end. Among his successors, we first learn that in his 30th year of reign his daughter was married to the governor ( Ensi ) von Anschan. In the year 34, Anschan is said to have been destroyed. In the following years there was further fighting between Elam and Ur, until the Elamites managed to defeat Ibbi-Sin , who was taken to Anshan as a prisoner.
From Hutelutuš-Inšušinak there were numerous inscribed bricks that show a temple of this ruler. From around this time, a large building with an inner courtyard was excavated, in which there were numerous inscribed clay tablets that date under Šilhak-Inšušinak I for paleographic reasons . It is unknown whether this monumental structure is identical to the structure or the structures mentioned on the bricks. The building was richly decorated with glazed plaques, which in turn had raised attachments.
Anshan was later ruled by the Achaemenids and was one of the "seeds" of the Persian Empire. The Achaemenid prince Teispes (675–640 BC) conquered the city of Anschan and called himself "King of the city of Anschan".
- Daniel T. Potts: The Archeology of Elam . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999, ISBN 0-521-56358-5 , p. 125.
- Potts: The Archeology of Elam , p. 138
- Potts: The Archeology of Elam , p. 139.
- Potts: The Archeology of Elam , pp. 247-252.
- Archaeological excavations at Tal-e Malyan University of Pennsylvania
- J. Hansman: Anshan . In: Ehsan Yarshater (Ed.): Encyclopædia Iranica (English, including references)
- spiegelonline.de from September 18, 2012