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Printing material , print carrier or substrate is the material that can be printed using various printing processes, i.e. everything that can be printed using known technical processes. The term is analogous to the term writing material for manual writing.

Examples are paper , cardboard , foil , sheet metal , textiles ( photo canvas ), glass , ceramics , skin and many others.

The choice of the printing process depends on the material in question. The quality of the substrate is just as important as its shape.

  • In the relief printing process , the modern form of letterpress printing , mainly paper is printed, for example for the production of books. Today letterpress is mostly used in the artistic field, for example in woodcuts .
  • In flexo different objects and materials can be printed, for example, carrier bags, plastic bags , bags, sacks, beverage packaging, shipping boxes, wallpaper, form prints, napkins and labels.
  • In the gravure printing process that is paper are produced due to the high circulation mainly magazines and mail order catalogs, printed.
  • In offset printing, magazines, newspapers and catalogs are printed.
  • The screen printing provides the ability to print on materials such as textiles and films and flat round or curved objects and materials, for example glass, ceramic, metal or plastic.

Depending on the number of copies and the properties, the substrate is printed using sheet-fed or web- fed printing machines .

See also


  • Hubert Blana: The production . Saur, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-598-20067-6 .
  • Eckhard Bremenfeld, Ralf Kapalla, Holger Knapp: Expertise in newspaper and magazine publishers . Guide for publishing professions and career changers. 4th edition. Springer-VDI, Düsseldorf 2001, ISBN 3-935065-03-5 .
  • Hans Jürgen Scheper: Examination knowledge printing technology . Profession and School, Itzehoe 2005, ISBN 3-88013-623-8 .
  • Panek, Bernhard Walter: Printing materials - printing - finishing and alternative duplication methods. Wiener Universitätsverlag Facultas 2004. ISBN 978-3-7089-0154-1