Blind Spot (Psychology)


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Blind spot designated in the social psychology the parts of the self or ego , from a personality are not perceived. The blind spot is shown in the Johari window .

The psychological functions that create “blind spots” have been given their own name through psychoanalysis : “ Defense mechanisms ” ( Anna Freud , 1936).

"Every unresolved repression in the doctor's office corresponds to a 'blind spot' in his analytical perception, according to W. Stekel."

- Sigmund Freud : Advice for the doctor in psychoanalytic treatment, in: Collected works, Volume VIII, p. 382.

In sociology and criminology , the defense mechanisms were called “neutralization mechanisms” (Sykes & Matza 1968), which serve to trivialize, rationalize or deny one's own criminal actions in order to shift the blame (e.g. “it rarely hits the wrong person ";" Anyone would have done that ";" It serves a good cause "= the end justifies the means).

In social psychology, Leon Festinger in particular took up the problem with his theory of cognitive dissonance (1957; German 1978) and placed the defense mechanisms, which one could also call dissonance mechanisms after him , on a general and socio-psychological basis.

All people are able to develop blind spots - possibly depending on the situation and the situation.

The defense mechanisms also have a valuable protective function for the psyche and must not be rated negatively from the outset.

See also