Bruno Carranza Ramírez

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José Bruno Carranza Ramirez around 1880

José Bruno Carranza Ramírez (born October 5, 1822 in San José , Costa Rica ; † January 25, 1891 ibid) was President of Costa Rica from April 27 to August 9, 1870 .


His parents were Joaquina Ramírez y García and Miguel Fernandez Carranza. In 1847 he married Gerónima Montealegre Fernández, the sister of José María Montealegre Fernández . He became a doctor at the Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala .

In Costa Rica he also worked as a doctor at the San Juan de Dios State Hospital . He was inspector general of vaccination and chairman of the medical association. During a campaign against the Filibusteropiraten of William Walker (mercenary) in 1856 he was a field doctor. Since the army brought cholera to Costa Rica, he had to return immediately.

As a journalist he published in various publications including El Álbum and La Estrella del Irazú, and he was also an entrepreneur. He was a cafetalero, owner of a bookstore and a pharmacy. From 1855 to 1859 he had the concession of the Fábrica Nacional de Licores de Costa Rica and was a supplier of state alcohol.

During the reign of Juan Rafael Mora Porras he was a member of parliament several times. In 1857 he was on a diplomatic mission in El Salvador. He was a delegate for San José to the Constituent Assembly in 1869, shortly after his election he resigned from this office. He had to go into exile on several occasions for political reasons. He was a member of the Partido Liberal and showed anti-clericalism.

On April 27, 1870 he was put into the presidency by Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez. During this tenure, the Comarca de Limón was founded. Religious freedom was decreed and a Ley de Garantias , which abolished the death penalty for the first time in the history of Costa Rica. A distribution plan for the ministries was drawn up. A constituent assembly was elected. The Guatemalan historian, Lorenzo Montúfar y Rivera, held a central position in his government cabinet as Minister for Foreign Affairs, Public Education and Culture.

Joaquín Lizano Gutiérrez was Minister for Government, Justice, Home Affairs, Agriculture and Industry, Rafael Gallegos Sáenz was Minister for Finance and Economy and Buenaventura Carazo Alvarado was Minister for War, Marines and Public Works.

Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez had put him into office and became president himself on August 8, 1870. He was later a member of the Gran Consejo Nacional of a government junta and was appointed as an agent in the government of El Salvador where he negotiated the Tratado Carranza-Arbizú with Gregorio Arbizú.

Individual evidence

  1. en: Hubert Howe Bancroft , HISTORY OF CENTRAL AMERICA | content | c 5 p.79-107 | c 7 p.127-144 | c 8 p.145-164 | c11 p.215-237 | c12 p.238-263 | c13 p.264-284 | c14 p.285-308 | c17 p.347-370  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. | c18 p.371-391 | c19 p.392-412 | c22 p.453-569 , THE HISTORY COMPANY, PUBLISHERS SAN FRANCISCO, 1887@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  


  1. ^ Es : Miguel Carranza Fernández
  2. ^ Es : Lorenzo Montúfar y Rivera
predecessor Office successor
Jesús Jiménez Zamora Presidents of Costa Rica
April 28, 1870 - August 8, 1870
Tomás Guardia Gutierrez