Cabo de San Antonio
Location of Cabo de San Antonio
The Cabo de San Antonio , in Valencian Cap de Sant Antoni , is a cape in southeastern Spain on the northern Costa Blanca , near the city of Jávea . From the 162 m high cape, steep, partly vertical limestone rocks drop down to the sea.
Beacon "Cabo de San Antonio"
|position||38 ° 48 '11.4 " N , 0 ° 11' 50.3" E|
|Identifier||4 flashes white every 20 seconds (GpD (4) B 20s)|
|scope||26 nautical miles|
|Tower height||17 m|
|Height above water||175 m|
|description||white round brick tower with building|
|Spanish lighthouse no.||25300|
|International lighthouse no.||E-0180|
|created||1855, 1861 moved to its current location|
|in operation||yes (2009)|
Explanation of the Spanish beacon identification: "GpD (4) B 20s" means "Grupos de 4 Destellos Blanco, 20 segundos" in German: "Groups of four flashes of white, 20 seconds" (Blz. (4) f.20s.)
The next lighthouses on the coast are to the north on the Cape of Cullera and to the south on the Cabo de la Nao .
Remains of an old park can be seen near the lighthouse. At one point there are still a few large, worked natural stones and a floor covering made of clay tiles from a chapel. The chapel was dedicated to Saint Anthony the Great (Spanish Antonio Abad), from whom the cape got its name. It was built in the last third of the 14th century and remodeled in the 16th century.
The cape is part of the Montgó Natural Park ( Parque Natural del Montgó ). Immediately north of the lighthouse is one of the park's four botanical micro-reserves ( Microrreserva de flora , according to the guidelines of Natura 2000 ). The almost three hectare area primarily serves to protect two typical plant communities . The first, called Chritmo-Helichrysetum decumbentis, is a society of the lower areas of cliffs by the sea that are still heavily under the influence of salt water. Therefore, plants grow there that can cope with a higher salt input. The second plant community, Hippocrepido-Scabiosetum saxatilis , grows on steep rocks and specializes in taking root in cracks and crevices in the rock. Some endemic plant species are represented in both societies, some of which are geographically very limited. The horseshoe clover species Hippocrepis valentina that grows in cracks in the rock occurs only in the north of the province of Alicante, within 50 km of the cape. The underwater world at the foot of the cape was declared a marine reserve ( Reserva Marina del Cabo de San Antonio ) in 1993 . This is intended to protect various benthonic , i.e. communities of plants and animals that live on the sea floor. Above all, there are extensive Neptune grass meadows ( Posidonia oceanica ), which have since developed well and even spread.
The marked short hiking trail (1.9 km) PR-CV 355 leads from the cape through the characteristic natural landscape down to the port of Jávea.
Gerardo Stübing Martínez and Antonio Estévez (coordination): Estudio multidisciplinar del Parque Natural del Montgó (Alicante) . Generalitat Valenciana, Agència del Medi Ambient, Valencia 1991, ISBN 84-7890-347-X
- ↑ Revista de Obras Públicas 9, I, 1861, p. 228. Scan: http://ropdigital.ciccp.es/pdf/publico/1861/1861_tomoI_18_04.pdf
- ↑ Archive link ( Memento of the original from August 15, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (As of August 25, 2012)
- ^ Josep Sendra i Piera and Rosa Seser i Pérez: Goigs i devocions tradicionals a Dénia. Ajuntament de Dénia, Denia 2001, p. 25, ISBN 84-920277-8-9
- ↑ José Gisbert, Historia y Patrimonia, in: Stübing Martínez and Estévez 1991. P. 74 f
- ↑ http://www.cma.gva.es/admon/normativa/legislacion/legis/OrdenMicro4-5-1999.htm (as of March 12, 2009)
- ↑ Manuel B. Crespo and Juan José Herrero-Borgoñón: Sobre algunos endemismos ibéricos presentes en las áreas setabenses . In: Flora Montiberica 12, 1999, pp. 65-69 ( https://www.researchgate.net/publication/28104177_Sobre_algunos_endemismos_ibericos_presentes_en_las_areas_setabenses )
- ↑ http://www.xabiaaldia.com/nukexd/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=532 (as of March 12, 2009)
Coordinates: 38 ° 48 ′ 7 ″ N , 0 ° 11 ′ 55 ″ E