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With Charter (Pl. Charters , pronunciation [ karta ]; Latin Charter , sheet of paper, writing sheet ' , borrowed from ancient Greek χάρτης Chartes , possibly with the Egyptian word kheret-aa , Schreiber box' related) refers to the for the heads of state and international law basic documents .

In diplomacy , the charter is distinguished from the notitia as an early medieval document form : the charter is a dispositive document that is formulated in the first person and in the present tense, while the notitia is formulated as a document of evidence in the third person and in the perfect tense. The charter was in use in the early and high Middle Ages, especially in southern Europe (Italy, Spain, southern France).

In a figurative sense, the term is also used for statutes or voluntary commitments of non - governmental organizations . So there are z. B. Charters from artist groups, scientists or professional groups.

Well-known charters are:

  • Carta Caritatis , the 12th century constitutional document of the Cistercian order, regulates the relationships between the Cistercian monasteries

other charters in the category: Charter

See also

Web links

Commons : Charters  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Charter  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Not "Tsch"; Duden pronunciation dictionary. Bibliographical Institute Mannheim 1962.