from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mieidō of Chion-ji

The Chion-ji ( Japanese 知恩 寺 ) is one of the four main temples of the Jōdo direction of Buddhism in Kyoto . It is located on the northeast edge of the city and is also called Hyakumanben Chion-ji.


Tradition has it that the temple was built by the priest Ennin ( 円 仁 ; 794–864). Originally it is said to have been a joint place of prayer with the Kamo shrine at the site of today's Shōkoku-ji under the name Imadegawa-Shakadō or Kamo-Kawaharaya ( 加 茂 河 原 屋 ). Priest Hōnen , who respected the Kamo Shrine, wanted a memorial for Buddhism ( 念 仏 道場 ) and entrusted his disciple Genchi ( 源 智 ; 1183-1239) with its management. Genchi named the place of prayer in honor of his teacher in "Kōtoku-in Chion-ji" ( 功 徳 院 知恩 寺 ).

When a contagious disease broke out in 1331, the temple's eighth high priest, Zen'a Kūen ( 善 阿 空 円 ) performed Nembutsu rites for seven days . The millions of invocations ( 百万 編 念 仏 , Hyakumanben nembutsu ) then caused the plague to subside . Thereupon Emperor Go-Daigo gave the temple the honorary name "Hyakumanben".

When the Shokoku-ji was built, the temple was moved further east. The temple has suffered many fires over time. Toyotomi Hideyoshi moved him to Kyōgoku Tsuchimikado, until he came to the present place in 1662.

The attachment

If you enter the temple through the south gate, you stand in front of the main hall from 1756, here called Mieidō ( 御 影 堂 ). There is a wooden statue of the hone there. Other buildings include the Amida Hall ( 阿 弥陀 堂 ) and the Shaka Hall ( 釈 迦 堂 ).

Treasures of the temple

Hang Rolls of the Yan Hui

The temple treasures include two hanging scrolls by the Chinese painter Yan Hui ( 顔 輝 ) from the time of the Yuan dynasty . One person each is painted on colored silk: a thoughtful person (right) is sitting opposite a person with a toad on his shoulder.


Located on the temple grounds the graves of Torii Mototada ( 鳥居元忠 ; 1539-1600), who in the Battle of Sekigahara the Fushimi Castle had defended and was there fallen from Asayama Nichiyo ( 朝山日乗 ; † 1577), from the Nichiren - Priest Asayama Nichijō ( 朝山 日 乗 ; † 1577), who had had a dispute with the Portuguese missionary Luís Fróis before Oda Nobunaga , from Takenaka Hambei ( 竹 中 半 兵衛 ; 1544–1579), a general of Toyotomi Hideyoshis , from Tosa Mitsuoki ( 土. 佐 ; 1617–1691), a painter of the Tosa School and others.


  1. The hanging scrolls with the designation "Gama Tetsukai" ( 蝦 蟇 鉄 拐 図 ) are registered as an important cultural asset . They are now in the Kyoto National Museum .


  • Yamamoto, Jirō: Chion-ji . In: Kyoto-fu no rekishi sampo (jo). Yamakawa Shuppan, 1999. ISBN 978-4-634-29260-4 . P. 231.

Web links

Coordinates: 35 ° 1 ′ 47.5 ″  N , 135 ° 46 ′ 50.6 ″  E