Connecticut Western Reserve

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Location of the Connecticut Western Reserve
Detailed map of the Western Reserve from 1826

The Connecticut Western Reserve was a stretch of land that was claimed by the US state of Connecticut in the area of ​​the Northwest Territory , now northeastern Ohio .

The state of Connecticut's land holdings originally included large parts west of what is now the state. In the Pennamite-Yankee Wars against Pennsylvania , however, the state lost the areas that are now in Pennsylvania. The land to the west of it, between the 41st and 42nd parallel , was still claimed by Connecticut - theoretically as far as the Pacific. The land outside Ohio was given to the US federal government in 1786, for which it took over the national debt of the American Revolutionary War . Within what is now Ohio, 12,000 km² belonged to Connecticut, the Connecticut Western Reserve. From 1796 the state began to give the land to settlers, although the claims of the Indians were not ceded until 1805 with the Treaty of Fort Industry . Numerous cities soon developed within the area, including Cleveland .

Connecticut did not renounce the Western Reserve until 1800. The townships established in this area differ in size (5 × 5 miles) from the townships (6 × 6 miles) usually established as a result of the land survey of 1785.


  • Harlan Hatcher: Western Reserve: The Story of New Connecticut in Ohio. The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis 1949.

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