German Petroleum Museum Wietze

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Museum entrance
Museum open space
Oil derrick in the oil museum

The German Petroleum Museum Wietze is located in Wietze , a municipality west of Celle in the district of Celle ( Lower Saxony ). It was set up on part of the former Wietze oil field and opened in 1970.


The German Oil Museum is an institution of the municipality of Wietze and is run by the Association of German Oil and Gas Museum Wietze e. V. operated. The 300 m² permanent exhibition set up at the end of the 1990s provides information about the origin, occurrence and exploration, extraction, processing and use of crude oil . The special focus is on the history of oil production in Wietze, which can be traced back to 1652. A unique selling point of the facility is the approximately two-hectare open-air site on the banks of the Wietze river, on which several operational production facilities for the oil industry from the time before 1930 have been preserved. In addition, numerous technical and historical relics from various oil production areas in Germany can be found on the outside area . A special highlight is a 54-meter-high derrick, which was built in 1961 by Eikomag in Düsseldorf for the Wintershall company and was in use on 32 drilling sites in Northern Germany until 1986.

The sponsoring association publishes a magazine, the Ölpost , at irregular intervals . Once a year the mining exchange takes place, where objects related to mining, minerals and fossils can be exchanged, sold and bought.

In the coming years, the museum is to be completely overhauled. This also includes a complete refurbishment of the Wintershall drilling rig built in 1988 .

The museum is a founding member of the European Oil Museums network .

Wietze and petroleum

The place Wietze played a special role in the history of oil production: Here, in the middle of the 17th century, oil-containing sand was extracted from shallow “tar hollows”, from which the oil was washed out in large wooden troughs. The refined heavy oil was used as a lubricant (car lubricant ), wood paint and medicine and was traded far beyond the region. In 1858 one of the world's first oil wells was sunk on the edge of the largest tar hollow. More than 2000 further wells followed by the early 1930s, with seven different oil varieties that differed in their properties (density, color, smell). From 1920 to 1963 crude oil was also extracted in underground mining in the Wietzer oil shaft, which ultimately had a route length of over 95 kilometers and had an underground workforce of up to 400 men at the time of the wedding. In the beginning several dozen oil companies were active in Wietze; Between 1900 and 1920 Wietze was the most productive German oil field and supplied almost 80 percent of German production. A train station, a loading station, a refinery, numerous company and administration buildings, director's villas, workers' settlements, oil tanks and much more were built.


  • Ed .: Scientific Society for the Study of Lower Saxony, German Oil Museum Wietze: Petroleum and Natural Gas in Lower Saxony. Origins, developments, perspectives , magazine "New Archive for Lower Saxony", issue 1/2020, Wachholtz Verlag, ISBN 978-3-529-06472-2


See also

Web links

Commons : Erdölmuseum Wietze  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files


  1. Stephan A. Lütgert: Target 2020: The German Petroleum Museum Wietze wants to reposition itself . Mining. Issue 12, 2016, pp. 568–569.
  2. [1]

Coordinates: 52 ° 39 ′ 37 ″  N , 9 ° 50 ′ 3 ″  E