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Dharana ( Sanskrit , धारणा, dhāraṇā, from dhri , support, carry, hold) means concentration and is the 6th level of Patanjali's eightfold path in Indian Raja Yoga . The first five stages prepare the mind to become quieter. In Dharana the practitioner directs his mind towards an object (Yogasutra 3.1). This can be a point in the body, a mantra , the breathing, something transcendental like the void , a god or one of its aspects.

In contrast to the 7th level, Dhyana ( meditation ), Dharana is connected with willful effort, conscious concentration. If this concentration continues without wandering of the mind, meditation arises without conscious intervention. Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi are also referred to by Patanjali as samyama ("collection").


  • TKV Desikachar: About freedom and meditation. The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali. Via Nova, Petersberg 1997, ISBN 3-928632-30-2 .
  • R. Sriram: Patanjali. The yoga sutra. From knowledge to liberation Theseus-Verlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-89620-292-8 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar : Light on Yoga. The basic textbook of hatha yoga. Nikol-Verlag, Hamburgh 2013, ISBN 978-3-86820-175-8 , pp. 41-44.