Idlers (music)

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The term loafers is a generic term for various repeat symbols ( Abbreviaturen ) used in musical notation . Mostly unchanged repetitions of whole previous bars or bar groups are meant. The "idlers" in the narrower sense consist of one or more diagonal bars.


Sign for the repetition of a measure or two measures
  • Dotted single or double bars for one-bar and two-bar repetitions
  • Simple bars without dots, which are inserted within the measure when a figure is repeated several times and is only noted the first time
  • The tremolo symbol for tone repetitions
  • The colla parte notation (jagged horizontal line, e.g. with the indication col flauto )
  • Idlers of the second type (simple bars without dots) in (quarter) notation with chord symbols in jazz and light music

Textual abbreviations are never called lazy. Furthermore, one speaks of "written out" and "dissolved" idlers if they are only present in the template.

Due to the computerization of the notation, idlers are no longer absolutely necessary to save the typist or typesetter. They are only used if they make the score clearer. This can be the case with numbered bar repetitions, if there is not enough space on the page, if a specification that has once been noted should not be repeated exactly but should be varied, or if there is no exact specification at all. - All of this is often the case in the drum part .

Representation in computer systems

In the international character coding system Unicode , the "idlers" are in the following positions:

  • U + 1D10D (119053) Music symbol loafers 1 MUSICAL SYMBOL REPEATED FIGURE-1: simple bar without dots
  • U + 1D10E (119054) Music symbol loafers 2 MUSICAL SYMBOL REPEATED FIGURE-2: simple dotted bar
  • U + 1D10F (119055) Music symbol loafers 3 MUSICAL SYMBOL REPEATED FIGURE-3: double dotted bar

The prerequisite for the correct display of these characters on the computer is the use of a font that has the corresponding glyphs at the code points mentioned . However, notation programs sometimes use different solutions than the aforementioned Unicode characters for display.

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