Flavia Neapolis (Greek for "new Flavian city") was an ancient city in Samaria in the urban area of today's Nablus , near the former Shechem , below the rock of Gizim .
The city was founded by the Roman Emperor Vespasian after the Jewish War ; the era of the city dates from the year 72 AD. Under Hadrian , the city received a temple of Zeus on the Garyzim. It minted its own coins up to the 3rd century. In 244 Philip Arab raised the city to a colonia with the name Iulia (or Sergia ) Neapolis .
The sixth century mosaic map of Madaba shows a detailed depiction of Neapolis. In late antiquity, Neapolis became the seat of a bishop; the diocese continues in the Roman Catholic Church as the titular diocese of Neapolis in Palestine .
Early Byzantine coins of the emperor Herakleios with the inscription N or NEA are ascribed to a coin in Samaria. Since there are several cities with the name Neapolis, u. a. in Cyprus , however, the allocation is not entirely certain.
- Raphael Greenberg, Adi Keinan: Israeli Archaeological Activity in the West Bank 1967-2007. A sourcebook . Ed .: The West Bank and East Jerusalem Archaeological Database Project. Ostracon, Bar-Lev 2009, ISBN 978-965-91468-0-2 , pp. 27, 42-43 . ( Full text (PDF; 2.6 MB) as digitized version)
- Y. Magen: The History and Archeology of Shechen (Neapolis) in the 1st-4th Century AD . Jerusalem 1989.
- PJ Donald: The Neapolis Coins of Heraclius. In: Spink Numismatic Circular. Spink & Son, London 94. (1986): 116, ISSN 0029-6023
- Avraham Negev : Flavia Neapolis (Nablus) Jordan / Israel . In: Richard Stillwell et al. a. (Ed.): The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ 1976, ISBN 0-691-03542-3 .
- W. Röllig: Neapolis 12. In: The Little Pauly (KlP). Volume 4, Stuttgart 1972, Col. 33.
Coordinates: 32 ° 13 ′ 13.8 ″ N , 35 ° 15 ′ 55.9 ″ E