Mount Garizim above Nablus (photo from 1900)
The Garizim , also Gerizzim , Garizin ( Hebrew גְּרִזִים Grīsīm , also Gərīsīm ; Arabic جبل جرزيم Jabal Jarizīm , Greek Γαριζ (ε) ιν ), is a 881 m high mountain made of Nummulite limestone in Palestine , at the northern foot of which is Nablus (the biblical Shechem ).
The Garizim is a bare, broad plateau gently sloping towards the south; its fall towards the city, on the other hand, is rugged and steep.
The Samaritans locate the altar at the top of the mountain, which according to Dtn 27.4 EU and Jos 8.30 EU was built by Joshua on behalf of Moses . The temple of the Samaritans stood here, which was built in the 4th century BC. Built around 129 BC and Was destroyed by the Hasmonean king John Hyrcanus I (135-104 BC). During excavations since 1964, the temple complex was exposed at 881 m. Coin finds from Nablus (ancient Neapolis ) prove the appearance of the complex.
- Immanuel Benzinger : Garizin . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume VII, 1, Stuttgart 1910, Col. 766 f.
- Alan David Crown (Ed.): The Samaritans. Mohr, Tübingen 1989, ISBN 3-16-145237-2 .
- Joachim Hahn: Garizim and Ebal . In: Theologische Realenzyklopädie (TRE). Volume 12, de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1984, ISBN 3-11-008579-8 , pp. 28-29 (with further references).
- Yishaq Magen, Haggai Misgav, Levana Tsfania: Mount Gerizim Excavations. Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem 2004 ff.
- Benedikt Schwank: Garizim . In: Walter Kasper (Ed.): Lexicon for Theology and Church . 3. Edition. tape 4 . Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 1995, Sp. 294 .
- Hans Volker Kieweler: Garizim. In: Michaela Bauks, Klaus Koenen, Stefan Alkier (Eds.): The Scientific Biblical Lexicon on the Internet (WiBiLex), Stuttgart November 1st, 2012.
- Jonathan Jakob Böhm: Garizim, sanctuary. In: Michaela Bauks, Klaus Koenen, Stefan Alkier (Eds.): The Scientific Biblical Lexicon on the Internet (WiBiLex), Stuttgart June 27, 2019.