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Under flexive (also: Flexem, Flexionselement, Flexionsmittel) understands the linguistics all ways by which the flexion and Komparation expressed by words.

Forms of the flexible

Flexives can come in different forms; There are three main options:

  • the inflection affixes (inflection prefixes, inflection suffixes / endings) such as -st (go-st) in German for the 2nd person singular in verbs or -s in English for the plural of nouns ( boot-s ).
  • the vowel change ( ablaut , umlaut ), with which the plural of the nouns (fathers) is sometimes expressed in German or the plural ( feet ) in English as well.
  • simple vowel elongation as in Latin casus (the case), from which the plural casūs arises.


  • Hadumod Bußmann (Ed.) With the collaboration of Hartmut Lauffer: Lexikon der Sprachwissenschaft. 4th, revised and bibliographically supplemented edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-520-45204-7 .
  • Duden . The grammar. 7th, completely new and expanded edition. Dudenverlag, Mannheim / Leipzig / Vienna / Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-411-04047-5 , p. 136.
  • Franz Simmler : Morphology of German. Inflectional and word formation morphology. Weidler, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-89693-304-3 , p. 462f (multiple use of the term).

Web links

Wiktionary: Flexiv  - explanations of meanings, word origins , synonyms, translations