Gérard de Lally-Tollendal

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Gérard de Lally-Tollendal (copperplate engraving)
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Trophime Gérard de Lally-Tollendal (born March 5, 1751 in Paris , † March 11, 1830 in Paris) was a French nobleman and politician.


Trophime Gérard Lally-Tollendal was the legitimate son of Thomas Arthur de Lally-Tollendal . In the end he tried unsuccessfully to take legal action to restore the honor of his father, who was beheaded as a traitor in Paris in 1766 after a defeat in the Seven Years' War against the British army in India.

In the meeting of the Estates General of 1789 Lally-Tollendal allied himself with the Third Estate. However, shy of the democratic tendencies of the National Assembly , he later tried to approach the court again. As rapporteur for the constitutional committee, he proposed the establishment of two chambers and also set out his plan based on the preservation of the aristocracy in the text Rapport sur le gouvernement qui convient à la France (1789).

After the demonstration by the Poissards on October 5th and 6th, 1789, he withdrew to Switzerland. From here he published a pungent satire under the name Quintus Capitolinus in 1790 , directed against the abolition of the privileges of the nobility, but returned to Paris in 1792 to defend the king.

He was arrested after the uprising of August 10, 1792 , but escaped the September massacres and fled to England. At the trial of the king he offered himself to the convention as defender. When he received no answer to this, he put a defense ( Plaidoyer pour Louis XVI , 1795) in print. He also published Défense des émigrés français, adressée au peuple français (1794; new edition, Par. 1825, 2 vol.), Which had ten editions in two months.

After the coup d'état of 18th Brumaire VIII , he returned to France and lived in Bordeaux, where he worked exclusively on literary work. Louis XVIII appointed him after the first restoration to the state council and in August 1815 to peer . In 1816 he was admitted to the Académie française by royal decision . He took over the Fauteuil 31 shortly after Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès was excluded as a "regicide".

Devoted to the monarchy, Lally-Tollendal sought to preserve it in a liberal way and appeared as a defender of constitutional freedoms.


  • Défense des émigrés français adressée au peuple français Hambourg, chez PF Fauche, Imprimeur - Libraire, 1797

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