Building wing

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Scheme of an asymmetrical three-wing system

A building wing , also called a building wing , refers to a non-free-standing structure as part of a building complex , consisting of several interconnected structures , the middle as a middle wing, middle wing, main wing and the like, lateral wing as a side wing , secondary wing or secondary wing . The individual side wing can be directly adjacent to the main building or separated from it and only connected to it via a connecting element (e.g. corridor , pergola , skyway ).

A new building can be divided into several building wings from the outset (for example as a four-wing system around an inner courtyard ) or the building wing is a subsequent extension of an existing building.


Castle as a four-wing system

In the Middle Ages and early modern times, kings, sovereigns and aristocrats expanded their castles and villas to improve their image. The larger the building complex, the more wealthy and powerful it appeared to the viewer. The Versailles Palace , the Lateran in Rome or the Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam are well-known representatives of a large number of such palace complexes.

In contemporary architecture, building wings are mainly found in large public buildings as well as in commercial facilities.

Special terms

In some areas there are special designations for building wings due to their function. In the hospital sector, one speaks of a bed and a functional wing. The bed wing contains the sick rooms and the necessary infrastructure directly connected to them. A functional wing is generally the part of a building in which the main task is carried out. In a hospital, this includes, for example, the emergency room , operating theaters or intensive care unit .

See also


  • Pevsner, Honor, Fleming: Lexikon der Weltarchitektur , 2nd edition, 1987, Prestel-Verlag, ISBN 3-7913-0652-9 , p. OA