Building complex

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Aerial view of the Getty Center building complex

In architecture, the term building complex (also building complex or complex ) denotes a group or block of buildings and architectural spaces that are structurally connected to one another and are perceived as a whole.

As a rule, it is possible to move through the buildings of a complex without leaving the interior . There is a common development with some entrances. However, outdoor spaces and elements such as statues or fountains that lie between the structures can also be viewed as part of a complex.

If there is a loose combination of different types of buildings and an interplay of indoor and outdoor spaces, then one speaks of a building ensemble .


  • The state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt is a building complex on Domplatz in Magdeburg , which has been home to the parliament of the state of Saxony-Anhalt since 1991 . The hallmark of the building directly opposite the Magdeburg Cathedral is the bourgeois Baroque facade of what were once four separate neighboring houses. Originally built in the 1720s, it was redesigned in the 1990s for use as a parliament building.
  • The Marienburg Ordensburg near Gdansk in Poland is a medieval building complex. The wings are designed uniformly, you can move around large parts of the complex with dry feet.
  • The Getty Center in Brentwood, a district of West Los Angeles , California is a modern building complex that houses various institutions, such as the J. Paul Getty Trust , the J. Paul Getty Museum , the Getty Research Institute , the Getty Conservation Institute and some more. The complex was designed by Richard Meier .
  • The Museum Island in Berlin is an urban ensemble that is to be connected to a building complex through the Museum Island master plan . A common entrance building is to serve as the central starting point for an underground tour, the Archaeological Promenade , which will link all museums on Museum Island apart from the Old National Gallery.
  • The Hofburg is a building complex in Vienna that has grown for centuries and is the largest building complex in Europe built for non-religious purposes .
  • The World Trade Center in New York was also a building complex consisting of 7 parts until its destruction on September 11, 2001 .


  • Heidi Wetzel, Christoph Wetzel: Seemann's great lexicon of world architecture . EA Seemann Verlag, Leipzig 2010, ISBN 978-3-86502-214-1 .

Web links

Wiktionary: building complex  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Parliament in the alternative quarters. In: Parliament building renovation company mbH, 2018, p. 9 , accessed on December 11, 2018 .