State Parliament of Saxony-Anhalt (building)

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The state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt, Domplatz, Magdeburg
Cathedral Square 7
Domplatz 8, the main entrance to the state parliament
Cathedral Square 9
Domplatz 7: View of the balcony and gable
Gable Group, Domplatz 8

The state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt is a building complex on Domplatz in Magdeburg , which has served as the home of the parliament of the state of Saxony-Anhalt since 1991. The hallmark of the building directly opposite the Magdeburg Cathedral is the bourgeois Baroque facade of what were once four separate neighboring houses. Originally built in the 1720s, it was rebuilt in the 1990s for use as a parliament building. A special feature of the state parliament building is the citizens' foyer, where exhibitions are regularly held.


18.-20. century

The three representative houses on Domplatz 7–9 were built in the 1720s as separately usable buildings. Originally they were the residential building Domplatz 7 for the wine merchant Johann Christian Winneberg, the apartment building Domplatz 8 with three upper-class apartments owned by master bricklayer Georg Reinecke and the residential building Domplatz 9 for the Prussian fortress builder Cornelius von Walrave according to his building plans - he is probably also the architect of the both houses at Domplatz 7 and 8.

The building at Domplatz 9 served as the city and district court from 1834 to 1879 and as the Prussian district court from 1879 to 1905. In 1911 it was rebuilt in the old baroque style.

Some of the buildings were severely damaged in the Second World War in 1944 and rebuilt between 1953 and 1956. From 1954, the Magdeburg School of Water Management was housed there.

Since 1990

On Sunday, October 28, 1990, the constituent meeting of the new state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt took place in Dessau in the hall of the Johann-Philipp-Becker-Bundeswehr barracks. The 106 freely elected representatives of the re-established central German state then had to vote on whether Magdeburg or Halle (Saale) should become the capital of Saxony-Anhalt. Halle was defeated by just eight votes: The result was 57 to 49 votes in Magdeburg's favor. Magdeburg became the state capital as well as the seat of parliament and a serious, month-long dispute ended.

The building ensemble at Domplatz 6–7 was offered to the parliamentarians as a new home. The handover agreement was signed on November 12, 1990.

The provisional repairs in December 1990 / January 1991 made it possible for the state parliament to meet in the state capital for the first time on January 17, 1991, after having met six times in Dessau. In the summer of 1991, a ventilation system and a modest auditorium in the form of a cinema were installed in the provisionally prepared plenary hall. A digital telephone system was put into operation in September 1992.

On building history and art

Despite the heavy bombing in 1945, there are still a number of architectural traces on and in the buildings, such as the restored baroque façade facing Domplatz and the historically remarkable wooden staircase in the south wing with its representative wooden door.

Art-historical evidence of the GDR era are the two concrete-glass pictures (each around 2.50 meters high and 3 meters wide) from the time it was used as a technical school for water management on the first and second floors with their subtle reference to the state symbolism of the time - they Created in 1973 by the glass designer Richard O. Wilhelm, who lives in Magdeburg to this day (2016) .

Also impressive is the tile mural installed on the presidential level in the south wing in 1950 on the occasion of 750 years of copper slate mining in Mansfeld in the ceramic works in Haldensleben for the state parliament building in Halle: It shows the map of the country at that time with lay representations of the coats of arms, especially of district towns and symbols of industries, trades and professions. It had survived until the land was rebuilt in the former plenary hall building in Halle (Saale) on Merseburger Strasse, was rediscovered in 1990 and given to Magdeburg. Today it builds a bridge to the parliamentary beginnings in the 1940s and 1950s and refers to the state parliament as the parliament of a young federal state with a history.

Modern art also has its place in the state parliament building. It ranges from the installation “Die Farben des Geistes” by the French Yves Charnay in the entrance foyer to the black and white portraits of the presidential gallery by photographer Eva Mahn . In the inner entrance area of ​​the building at 6 Domplatz there is the approximately one meter high bronze sculpture with the title Tree of Life created by Heinrich Apel in 1976 .


In just under two decades, the state parliament building - including the houses on Domplatz 8–9 and in several construction phases - has grown into today's modern and barrier-free parliament building for 44.89 million euros. Behind the bourgeois-baroque facade there is functional design in the Bauhaus tradition, which offers the ladies and gentlemen members of the state parliament, their parliamentary group employees and the employees of the state parliament administration optimal work and consultation opportunities.

Architecture award

The design of the plenary hall as the centerpiece of every state parliament building was a particular challenge. The necessary preservation of the listed outer wall, because it was built from rubble after the Second World War, ruled out a modern round building with an outward-facing, transparent glass and steel construction of the plenary hall. As an alternative, the working group of architects Kirchner and Przyborowski from Magdeburg as well as Lindemann and Thamm from Braunschweig developed the idea of ​​a glass front curved towards the inner courtyard - after its realization it was honored with Saxony-Anhalt's architecture prize in 1998.

Picture gallery


On Magdeburg's Domplatz in autumn 1989 - coming from the cathedral across from the peace prayer - thousands of people demonstrated, which is why no ban mile has been drawn around the state parliament building to this day and thus - in contrast to most other state parliaments - demonstrations are possible directly in front of the state parliament building.


  • President of the State Parliament of Saxony-Anhalt (Ed.): State Parliament Saxony-Anhalt - Modern Parliament with History. Mitteldeutscher Verlag Halle (Saale), 2013, ISBN 978-3-89812-747-9
  • Interjection - The magazine of the state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt , issue 3/2010

Web links

Commons : Landtag Saxony-Anhalt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Palais am Fürstenwall, Past and Present, page 36
  2. State Parliament of Saxony-Anhalt - Modern Parliament with a History. Halle (Saale) 2013, ISBN 978-3-89812-747-9
  3. ↑ Interjection - the magazine of the state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt , issue 3/2010

Coordinates: 52 ° 7 '35.4 "  N , 11 ° 38' 9.6"  E