The casting is a manufacturing method in which liquids, pastes or pulp in forms to be filled and solidify there. Casting belongs to the main group of primary forming . Pouring is defined as original forms from the liquid, pulpy or paste-like state.
The best known is the casting of metals in which molten metal (liquid) is used.
In DIN 8580, the following variants are expressly mentioned as part of the primary forming:
- Archetypes from the liquid state:
- Archetypes from the plastic state:
- Injection molding (for plastics)
- Original forms from the pulpy state (e.g. ceramic slip)
There are also:
- Mineral casting for the production of polymer concrete
- Mughal technology for food
- Dental casting is described under investment material
- Fritz Klocke: Manufacturing Process 5 - Gießen, Powder Metallurgy, Additive Manufacturing , 4th Edition, Springer, 2015, p. 2.