Hard clad silica optical fiber
Hard-clad silica optical fiber (short HCS fiber or HCSF , dt. Hard-coated light waveguide ), and polymer clad silica fiber or plastic clad silica fiber (short PCS fiber or PCF fiber ) denotes an optical fiber with an optical core of Quartz glass and an optical jacket made of a special plastic z. B. Tefzel ( ETFE ), core and cladding do not form an inseparable unit as is the case with quartz / quartz fibers (English silica-silica fiber ).
Due to their medium bandwidth and transmission rate of <100 Mbit / s, HCS fibers are suitable for medium ranges of up to two kilometers, e.g. B. in local networks of buildings or in industry. The general rule here is: the higher the attenuation, the lower the range.
For comparison: plastic fiber-optic cables (also POF - polymer optical fibers ) have a data rate of <1000 Mbit / s. The maximum range is around 100 meters. In contrast, fiber optic cables have very high bandwidths and transmission rates up to GBit / s. With fiber optics, ranges of more than 10 kilometers can be achieved. In terms of range, an HCS fiber therefore moves between POF fiber-optic cables and multi- or singlemode fibers .
For HCS cables there are (HCS-F-SMA) and various HFBR plugs, as well as FO5, FO7, SC and FC / PC plugs.
|Fiber type||Core / sheath||operation area||expansion||Data rates|
|glass fiber||9/125 µm
|telecommunications||more than 10 km||Mbit / s to Gbit / s|
|glass fiber||50/125 µm
62.5 / 125 µm
|local networks in middle areas,
Plants, buildings, telecommunications
|up to 4 km||<155 Mbit / s|
|HCS fiber||200/230 µm||local networks in buildings and industry||up to 2 km||<100 Mbit / s|
|Plastic (POF)||980/1000 µm||local networks in buildings, industry and vehicles||up to 100 m||<1000 Mbit / s|
- Bundschuh, Bernhard; Himmel, Jörg: Optical information transmission. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Munich, Vienna 2003, ISBN 978-3-486-27252-9 .
- Dieter Eberlein among others: fiber optic technology. 9th revised and expanded edition, Expert Verlag 2013, ISBN 978-3-8169-3212-3 .
- Ch. Beha GmbH: Primer of fiber optic technology. (PDF; 749 kB), from gibm.ch, accessed on March 4, 2017.