Heretica is an early phase of Danish modernism , named after the magazine of the same name published by Ole Wivel and Thorkild Bjørnvig . Other representatives were Frank Jæger and Ole Sarvig , who published a six-volume series during and after the Second World War: 1. “Grønne digte” (1943), 2. “Legende” (1944), 3. “Mangfoldehed” (1945), 4 . “Jeghuset” (1946), 5. “Menneske” (1948), 6. “Min kjærlinghed” (1952).
In addition, Paul LaCour played an important role as poet and Peter Seeberg and Villy Sørensen as prose writers.
The second part of modernism, which settled very late in Denmark, but which appeared all the more violently, the actually modernist, reality-destroying confrontation phase, was named after Klaus Rifbjerg 's poetry collection of the same name . An intellectual, poetic and political opening with a provocative character took place here.
In addition to the “Confrontation” published in 1960, Rifbjerg added another feature a year later with “Camouflage”, with which he encountered incomprehension, since he tried to penetrate the depths of the human psyche by means of quasi-automatic writing. Other works were “Aviary. Et fuglekor på 25 stemmer ”(1962),“ Portræt ”(1963) and“ Bo-i-ng 64 ”(1964), which is already considered to be the harbinger of the system poetry that follows.
The final third part is the concreteistic or structuralistic system poetry and a parallel phase of the so-called neo-realistic or documentary postmodernism with representatives such as Inger Christensen (“Det”, 1969) or Per Højholt. The main aim was to present a parallel between content and form, including an acoustic and visual orientation.