High Plains (Ghana)

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The High Plains are one of five natural areas in Ghana .

In addition to the high plains, these are the low plains , the highlands of Ashanti , the Volta basin and the Akwapim-Togo chain . The high plains are roughly in the shape of a triangle. This natural landscape begins north of Sunyani a little north of the Wenchi plain in the highlands of Ashanti, bounded to the west by the border with Ivory Coast and to the northwest by Burkina Faso . On its eastern border, which runs in a north-easterly direction, the High Plains meander along the city of Damongo on the Konkori level to finally limit the Volta basin along the Gambaga threshold to the north.

The High Plains are the second largest natural landscape in Ghana and at the same time represent the driest area in the country. The annual average rainfall here is only 1000–1150 mm. As a result, the vegetation zone of the open tree and shrub savannah predominates in the high plains . Isolated areas are covered with dry forest. Especially in the border area with Burkina Faso , the open tree and shrub savannah thins out into an open grass savannah.

The soils in the High Plains are more fertile than the soils of the Volta Basin . Grain farming and cattle farming are the predominant forms of use of the landscape here.

See also