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Spoken in

Amazonia , Brazil
speaker 600 (2000)
Language codes
ISO 639 -1


ISO 639 -2


ISO 639-3


Hixkaryána is a Carib language located on the Rio Nhamundá , Mapuera and Japatú , which are tributaries of the Amazon . The language has about 600 speakers. It was the first described language with the sentence order object-verb-subject .


ahakheno = [æhæk̭ːhunɔ] = my dead father

tamutho = [tæmutːhɔ] = grandfather

tonishá = one

sakó = two

sorowão = three

tamushi = man

wosy = woman

kamara = dog

toná = water

wuhritó = fire

toto = man

kamara = jaguar

Toto y-ahosɨ-ye kamara = The jaguar attacked the man.

Onà wyaro-tà amnyehra nehxakonà, Khoryenkom karyehtanà ywero, yaworono ywero-he = In the beginning God created heaven and earth.


Hixkaryána is written in a Latin-based alphabet:

a b d dy e f H ɨ k m n ny O p r ry s t tx u w x y
æ b d ɟ e ɸ H ɯ k m n ɲ ɔ p ɾ ɽʲ s t u w ʃ j


Only 30% to 60% of Hixkaryán speakers can write or read their language.

Literature in Hixkaryána

Portions of the Bible were translated in 1966. The entire New Testament was published ten years later.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Robert MW Dixon , Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald (Eds.): The Amazonian Languages. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge et al. 1999, ISBN 0-521-57021-2 .
  2. Desmond C. Derbyshire: Hixkaryana and Linguistic Typology (= . Summer Institute of Linguistics Publications in Linguistics and Related Fields 76). Summer Institute of Linguistics, Dallas TX 1985, ISBN 0-88312-082-8 .
  3. ^ Hixkaryána. At www.omniglot.com.
  4. ^ Hixkaryána. At www.omniglot.com.
  5. ^ Hixkaryána. At www.omniglot.com.