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Immission (from the Latin immittere “to send in, send”) describes in environmental law and ecology, above all, the effect of noise , dirt , radiation and other emissions on the environment . Outdated, Immission also stands for appointment to an office.

Environmental legislation

In terms of environmental legislation, immission means the effect of disruptive factors from the environment on humans and the natural environment . The discharge from the source is called emission . Each immission can therefore be traced back to one or more emitters .

The Federal Immission Control Act (BImSchG) comprises general principles and regulations for the protection of people, animals, plants and things from air pollution, noise, vibrations, light, heat, radiation and similar environmental impacts. According to Section 3 (2) BImSchG, immissions are air pollution , noise , vibrations , light , heat , radiation and similar environmental effects that affect people , animals and plants , the soil , water , the atmosphere as well as cultural and other material assets .

In environmental legislation, a distinction is made between limit values , guide values and orientation values .

Limit values

The extent of a material immission is indicated by the immission concentration. In order to prevent harmful effects on humans and the environment through immissions, there are immission limit values ​​for certain substances and environmental media. The legislation on the environmental media air and water is particularly well developed.

In Germany, immission limit values ​​play a role in noise protection and air pollution control according to the Federal Immission Control Act .

Guide values

A guideline is a non-binding recommendation. B. applies when planning sports facilities in order to protect neighboring residential areas from noise nuisance. Guideline values ​​for sports facilities can be found in the sports facility noise protection ordinance.

Immission guide values ​​are to be distinguished from the guide values ​​for interior spaces, which are specified for health and safety reasons.

Neighbor law

Significant adverse effect by the supply of gases, vapors, odors, smoke, soot, heat, noise, vibrations and the like from another plot outgoing effects, a property owner neighbor law according to § 906 BGB ward.

The public-law protection of neighbors from unreasonable immissions is mainly achieved through the building law requirement of consideration .

Individual evidence

  1. Immission, accessed on June 12, 2017
  2. ^ Edeltraud Günther : Immission Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon , accessed on June 12, 2017