Inclusion illustration
An inclusion mapping (short- inclusion ), natural embedding or canonical embedding is a mathematical function that a subset to its basic amount embeds .
definition
For quantities and with , the inclusion mapping is through the mapping rule
given. Sometimes the special arrow symbol is used for identification and then you write .
One speaks of a real inclusion if is a real subset of , that is, if there are elements in .
properties
- Each inclusion map is injective . True inclusion is not surjective .
- If so, inclusion is the mapping of identity .
- Any function can be broken down with regard to the concatenation of functions as , where is surjective and injective: Let be the image set of and be the function that corresponds to with , that is . For one take the inclusion picture.
- If there is an arbitrary function and a subset of the definition set , then one understands the restriction of to that function which corresponds to with . With the help of inclusion , the restriction can be briefly written as
- .
- Conversely, each inclusion mapping can be understood as a restriction of a suitable identical mapping :
Web links
Wiktionary: Inclusion - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
- Eric W. Weisstein : Inclusion Map . In: MathWorld (English).
- Koro: Inclusion mapping . In: PlanetMath . (English)