International camera company

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Ica signet
Ica AG plant in Dresden, 1913

The Internationale Camera Actiengesellschaft (ICA) was formed in 1909 from four photo companies, namely through the merger of the factory of photographic apparatus on shares vorm. R. Hüttig & Sohn with Emil Wünsche AG (both in Dresden) with the simultaneous takeover of the company Dr. R. Krügener (Frankfurt am Main) and the camera manufacturing department at Carl Zeiss AG (also Carl Zeiss Jena – Palmos Camerabau ).

The intention to include the Dresdner Ernemann -Werke in the merger failed. Thus Ernemann remained the largest competitor of the new company and was also superior to the Ica until 1926 in terms of the technical quality of the products.

The first board of directors included Guido Mengel (as a former Hüttig employee) and Hermann Krügener. In the following years the camera factory Dr. R. Krügener in Frankfurt am Main and temporarily also the Wünsche plant in Dresden-Reick closed. In 1912 Ica took over the G. Zulauf camera factory in Zurich. Shortly before the First World War , the Ica was Europe's largest camera factory and was based in Dresden - Striesen , Schandauer Strasse 72-80. The trademark was a pentagram , which was taken over by Hüttig AG in a slightly modified form. In the 1920s, the Ica signed an interest group agreement with the AG Contessa -Nettel-Werke in Stuttgart. The Ica was merged with Zeiss Ikon in autumn 1926 .


Ica mainly produced cameras and accessories, but also slide projectors, epidiascopes and 35 mm film projectors . The monopoly model became very popular among film projectors . There were four different versions of it, of which a total of over 10,000 were produced from 1914. Other ICA cinema equipment was Lloyd , Tosca , Furor , Goliath and a toy cinema that was sold under the name Teddy .

Emanuel Goldberg , who was also a member of the board in the mid-1920s, developed his Kinamo , a spring-drive film camera , in the Ica .


  • Handbook of German stock corporations , 30th edition 1925, Volume 2, p. 2954 f.
  • Richard Hummel: SLR cameras from Dresden. History, technology, facts. Lindemanns, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-89506-127-1 .
  • Herbert Tümmel: German motion picture projectors. A catalog. Deutsche Kinemathek Foundation, Berlin 1986.

Web links

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