Justinianus Rauricorum

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Justinianus Rauricorum (also Justinian, Bishop of the Raurics ) was bishop of Augusta Raurica ( Kaiseraugst ) in the 4th century , then as Colonia Augusta Raurica located in the Roman province of Maxima Sequanorum (in the prefecture of Gallia in the diocese of Dioecesis Galliarum ).

Justinian took part as bishop on the one hand in the Council of Serdica (today's Sofia ) convened by the Roman emperors Constans and Constantius II for the year 342 and on the other hand in a synod in Cologne in 346 . The Rauriks lived in the area at the knee of the Rhine around Basel and formed the Civitas Rauricorum . Its capital was the Colonia Augusta Raurica . After the extensive damage to the city caused by the Alemanni incursions in the years 273/74, the Romans built a castle on the banks of the Rhine, the Castrum Rauracense . Justinian resided here as the first bishop in the area known by name. It can be assumed that the tribal country of the Rauriks (civitas) shaped the scope of the old district of the diocese of Basel .

Around 400, Basilia is first mentioned as a bishop's seat, which at that time was due to renewed Alemannic invasions on the Basel Minster Hill, which was better to be protected, where a Roman fort had also been built. The continuity of the Kaiseraugster diocese has not been proven, however, because until the monk Ragnacharius from the Luxeuil monastery , who was vouched for as bishop of Augst and Basel in the 7th century, there are no corresponding documents with bishops' names. It cannot be completely ruled out that the bishopric in Augusta Raurica was not continuously occupied.

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