Kallias ( Greek Καλλίας Kallías ; * around 500 BC; † 432 BC near Nea Potidea ) was an Athenian statesman and diplomat from the rich priestly family of the Kerykes . To distinguish it from his grandfather ( Kallias I. ) and his grandson ( Kallias III. ) He is also called Kallias II .
He was the son of Hipponikos and was considered the richest Athenian of his time. He was married to Kimon's sister Elpinike . His son was called Hipponikos like his father, his grandchildren were his son Callias and his daughter Hipparete (wife of Alcibiades ).
He supported the democratic aspirations of Pericles and was involved in various public offices and tasks in accordance with the Athens constitution.
He was the leading archon of Athens in 456/5 . He played a key role in regulating the city's finances (with bills 434 and 433). As a young man, like his grandfather, he distinguished himself as an Olympian and courageous soldier, later as a strategist and military leader; last in 432 at Nea Potidea, where he fell.
Around 450 on behalf of Athens - after the desired goals could not be achieved militarily - he concluded a peace agreement with the Persian king Artaxerxes I , which, however, is very controversial in research . The Athenians were dissatisfied with the content of this so-called Callias Peace , which was kept for the rest of the century. Therefore, they sentenced Kallias to pay a fine of 50 talents for treason , which was roughly a quarter of his fortune at the time. In addition, Kallias was responsible for the peace negotiations with Sparta . Furthermore, in the dialogue attributed to Plato , Alcibiades I (119a), it is reported that Callias was instructed by the philosopher Zeno .
- Herodotus : histories . Reclam, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-15-018222-0
Plato : Complete Works in Ten Volumes . Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2000
- 1. - ion. Protagoras, Apology, Crito, Laches, Lyses, Charmides . ISBN 3-458-33101-8
Gaius Plinius Secundus : Natural history . Artemis-Verlag, Munich 1984
- 1. - Metallurgy . ISBN 3-7608-1613-4
- Jacob Burckhardt : Greek culture history . Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-458-34541-8
Eduard Meyer : History of Antiquity . Scientific Book Society, 1965
- 2. - Age of the Persian Wars
- 3. - The Peloponnesian War
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Athenian statesman and diplomat|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 500 BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||after 446 BC Chr.|
|Place of death||at Nea Potidea|