|Classification according to ICD-10|
|ICD-10 online (WHO version 2019)|
Catalepsy ( Greek κατάληψις, katálēpsis "occupying, grasping, holding on"; German also stubbornness , Latin stupor vigilans ) is a neurological disorder. It manifests itself in the fact that active or passive postures are maintained for an excessive period of time. For example, if a leg is passively lifted from the base, it will remain in the air after letting go. The disorder occurs mainly in schizophrenic diseases, but sometimes also in organic brain diseases. Catalepsy must be distinguished from cataplexy .
Catalepsy is often associated with a strong psychomotor slowdown and a pronounced drive disorder, a condition that is known as stupor (formerly also known as “stubbornness of soul expression”). It is not uncommon for those affected by catalepsy to have a waxy increase in muscle tone during passive movements, the so-called flexibilitas cerea , that is, the joints can be passively flexed with little effort and maintain the given position.
In addition to the pathological form, catalepsy can also occur in a hypnotic trance as one of the so-called hypnotic phenomena or can be specifically suggested by the hypnotist to the person in a trance .
- Basically from: Dieter Ebert: Psychiatry systematically. 6th edition. UNI-MED-Verlag, 2005.
- ↑ a b Alphabetical directory for the ICD-10-WHO version 2019, volume 3. German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI), Cologne, 2019, p. 442.
- ↑ Anton Müller: Recovery of a madwoman after a three-year stubborn addiction to the expression of the soul. In: Journal for Anthropology. Edited by Christian Friedrich Nasse . Volume 1, Issue 3, (Leipzig) 1823, pp. 255-264.
- ↑ catalepsy. In: Otto Dornblüth: Clinical Dictionary. 13./14. Edition. 1927.