In a picture script or pictographic script , the characters of the script are pictures.
The simplest type of picture writing uses pictograms in which the meaning of the picture can be derived directly from the picture. A universal pictorial writing is created when the pictures are given transferred meanings in addition to the illustrative meaning. ( Ideogram ).
Examples of picture fonts in different cultures are:
- Proto-Elamite pictorial writing
- Delawarian hieroglyphic writing
- Dongba of the Naxi
- Isotype - Viennese method of picture statistics by the Austrian people and workers' educator Otto Neurath .
The following writing systems have developed from picture fonts:
- Peter Gallmann : Graphic elements of the written language. Basis for a reform of the orthography . Niemeyer: Tübingen, 1985, ISBN 3-484-31060-X , ( Series German Linguistics 60).
- Harald Haarmann : Universal history of writing . Campus, Frankfurt am Main, New York 1990, ISBN 3-593-34346-0 (This manual also goes into picture fonts.).
- Manfred Kohrt : Problem history of the grapheme concept and the early phoneme concept . Niemeyer: Tübingen, 1985, ISBN 3-484-31061-8 , ( Series German Linguistics 61).