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Miniature of a kitharoden, Heraklion Archaeological Museum

A Kitharöde (from ancient Greek κιθαρῳδός kitharodos ; Latin citharoedus ) was a poet in ancient Greece who sang his poems himself and accompanied himself on the lyre Kithara . The Kitharöden formed part of the succession of the Homeric Aoden (singers and poets of popular epics), while the Rhapsodes recited epics. There was also the auloden, who recited his verses accompanied by an aulos blower.

Originally, singing and accompaniment on the kithara were unison, which is said to have changed since Archilochos or Krexos . Kitharoden wore a long chiton .

Well-known kitharoden were Terpandros and Arion from Lesbos . The singing of the kithara was still popular in Roman times; the emperor Nero appeared repeatedly as a kitharod.


Individual evidence

  1. "Terpandros [...] was a kitharode and the most important innovator of the 7th century in the musical field." Quoted from: Martin van Schaik: Terpandros, Terpander . In: Ludwig Finscher (Hrsg.): The music in past and present. General encyclopedia of music . 2nd Edition. Personal section 16. Bärenreiter, Kassel 2006, ISBN 978-3-7618-1100-9 , p. 691 ( PDF ).
  2. […] Terpandros, the oldest and best kithara player of his time […] ” In: Martin van Schaik: Terpandros of Lesbos in Medieval and Renaissance Music Theory Reconsidered . Utrecht 2007, p. 8 ( [PDF]).
  3. ^ "[...] the poet and kitharode Arion, who at the time of the tyrant Periander, around 600 BC. In Corinth. ”In: Konstantinos Tsapakidis: Collective memory and resistance culture . Music-sociological reflections on ancient Greek music . Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main 2002, p. 159 , urn : nbn: de: hebis: 30-0000002754 (Inaugural dissertation).