Liu Bannong

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Liu Bannong (劉半農) (* 1891 in Jiangsu Province ; † 1934 in Beijing ), also Liu Fu (劉 復), was a Chinese linguist and poet, translator and literary critic.


Liu Bannong was born in Jiangsu Province in 1891 . From 1912 he lived in Shanghai, in 1917 he went to Beijing. There he worked on the publication of the magazine 新 青年 (Xin Qingnian, La Jeunesse ) and was part of the literary revolution of the New Cultural Movement . In 1920 he went to London to study linguistics and in 1921 to Paris, where he received his doctorate in 1925. In the same year he returned to China to teach phonetics at the University of Beijing . In 1934 he contracted an infection on a linguistic study trip, which he then succumbed to in Beijing .


As part of the May 4th Movement, he spoke out against the use of classic written language in literature and was one of the first to advocate the use of slang forms . He called for variety in poetry in terms of style, form and content and tried, for example, rhyming and prose poems. Liu's works are characterized by his keen observation; in poetry he vividly depicts little or neglected little things and details. Another achievement of Liu is his commitment to a unified national language (國語, Guoyu).


  • 揚鞭 集 (Yangbian ji), 1926
  • 瓦 釜 集 (Wafu ji), 1926
  • 初期 白話 詩稿 (Chuqi baihua shigao), 1933


  • Feifel, Eugen: Modern Chinese Poetry. Georg Olms Verlag, Hildesheim 1988.
  • Hockx, Michel: Questions of Style: Literary Societies and Literary Journals in Modern China, 1911-1937. BRILL, 2003.

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