Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin (contemporary)

Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin († December 27, 1565 ) was governor of Tenochtitlan and Tlatoani of Mexica .

Nanacacipactzin ( Nahuatl ; German : mushroom alligator ) was a member of the old ruling family , son of Acamapichtli and grandson of Auítzotl († 1502), from Tenochtitlan , who had received the baptismal name Luis de Santa María . He was installed by the Spanish colonial rulers on September 30, 1563 as governor of Tenochtitlan and was the last of the dynasty founded by Acamapichtli († 1391) to be chosen by the Tenōchca as their tlatoani.

In 1564 he married Doña Magdalena Chichimecacihuatl († 1565), a daughter of Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin († 1541), at great expense .

As the fourth colonial tlatoani, he no longer had any political powers. His tasks were more representation of the indigenous population as well as the regulation of internal, only the tenochca relevant affairs. In 1564 he took part in the funeral procession of the New Spanish viceroy Luis de Velasco . In the same year he was exposed to violent protests against himself because he not only did not prevent the Spanish tax increases, but also defended them. In this context, he was briefly detained by the Spanish. As a result, he was considered to be weak and weak, and was accordingly mostly treated with disdain in the Mexica writings .

Luis de Santa María left a son, Don Pedro Dionisto.

In his role as governor he was followed by Francisco Jiménez , a nobleman from Tecamachalco, in 1568 a Nahua , but a stranger. The office of tlatoani was not re-occupied after his death.


predecessor Office successor
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin Tlatoani of Mexica