Unlike in European football, where player transfers only require agreement between the player and the receiving club - if the contractual relationship is still in force with another club with the consent of the same, usually with payment of a transfer fee - and this system also applies to the transfer of young players, the MLS is used SuperDraft of the systematic allocation of young players to the professional teams of the MLS. Regardless of the MLS SuperDraft, the franchises can also oblige other players, in particular experienced players from other MLS teams or players from foreign leagues, against payment of a transfer fee: There is an obligation for MLS players whose contract with another club is about to expire the MLS Re-Entry Draft , the Designated Player Rule for the obligation of players against transfer numbers .
A season in the MLS corresponds to the calendar year, i.e. it starts in January and ends in December. The first season games are usually played in March, the final takes place in early December. The MLS SuperDraft takes place at the beginning of a season, usually in January.
As part of the SuperDraft, clubs select active players from the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The NCAA is the sports association that organizes college sports in the United States . Although three Canadian franchises are also active in the MLS , it is not possible to recruit players from Canadian college sports who belong to the Canadian Interuniversity Sport men's soccer as part of the SuperDraft. The Homegrown Player Rule introduced in 2008 allows a franchise to sign up to two players per year from its own youth teams regardless of the SuperDraft, which means that young Canadian players can also move up to the MLS.
The MLS SuperDraft is played in four rounds. In each round, each franchise is used exactly once; the order is determined beforehand. The primary criterion for determining the selection order is the placement of the franchises in the preseason. The worst-placed team starts first, the winner of the previous season comes into play as the last franchise. If expansion teams take part in the coming season , they will be given priority over all other teams. This should ensure that differences in playing strength are evened out and that new teams reach the sporting level of the league as soon as possible in order to force an exciting competition in the upcoming season.
The franchises can assign their right to a pick , i.e. the selection of a player, to other franchises. This often happens in return for a transfer of an experienced player to the franchise, which in return assigns its right to select a player to the transferring franchise.
The MLS SuperDraft was first held under this name in 2000. Previously there had been two parallel drafts: the MLS College Draft , in which players from the college teams were signed and which in principle comes close to today's SuperDraft, and the MLS Supplemental Draft , in which even experienced players were exchanged between the teams. The SuperDraft replaced the two draft procedures in 2000, with the MLS Supplemental Draft taking place irregularly since 2003 and annually since 2011. It is used to allocate young players to the youth teams of the MLS franchises, which are organized in amateur leagues, and has no direct influence on the teams in the MLS. Since 2011, all MLS teams have had a youth team in the MLS Reserve League . In the following seasons, the teams can include the players obliged in this way into the professional squad using the Homegrown Player Rule .
- MLS SuperDraft - official homepage , English
- MLS SuperDraft 2000: History. MLSSoccer.com, accessed December 26, 2014 .