As Entry Draft ( German about Entry Draft ) are mainly engaged in the North American professional sports leagues including the NHL (ice hockey), the NBA (basketball), the NFL (American Football), the CFL (Canadian Football), the MLS (soccer) and the MLB (baseball) is the name of the process by which the clubs agree among themselves on the rights to the most promising young players.
Talent scouts monitor players in America and Europe throughout the season . These create lists in which the players are ranked according to their assessment. The lists only have the character of a recommendation for the teams making the selection; the teams do not necessarily have to adhere to the order in which they are selected. In the NFL there is the NFL Combine about two months before the draft , in which all registered players are "put through their paces".
Since there are no relegated or promoted teams in these leagues, the teams that did not qualify for the play-offs are allowed to vote before the other teams and thus have a better chance of finding good young players. However, in order to prevent weak teams from deliberately playing poorly towards the end of the season with regard to an earlier option, some leagues also introduced elements of randomness. The final order is determined by a weighted draw in the so-called draft lottery (recruitment lottery ). Draft picks (recruitment positions) are often assigned to other teams before the draft , for example in the course of player transfers.
A club that has drafted (recruited) a player owns all rights to him. It is not possible for the player to play for another team in the league without the consent of his club. The club, on the other hand, is not obliged to actually use the respective player in the league. Often the young talents initially play in so-called farm teams , where they can develop their skills and are available on call for work in the professional team.
The basic idea of the draft came from the future NFL President Bert Bell in 1934. A year later, the NFL decided to take up the system and from then on use it every spring.
Critics of the draft complain that the procedure restricts the right to free choice of job. The professional leagues oppose this with the argument that the draft, especially in combination with the free agency, prevents conditions like those in European football , where financially strong clubs would buy the best talent and thereby strengthen themselves more and more, whereas (financially) Weaker clubs could not keep up with the salaries offered by the top clubs and would thus become even weaker. However, the draft system cannot establish itself in Europe in the long term, as there is a different club and league structure here: In the USA the club system is often linked to public educational institutions, i.e. high schools , universities, etc. In the adult sector, there is outside the professional leagues only a few and little known amateur leagues. This division of the clubs into different age groups favors the draft system as well as the extensive system of sports grants.
- MLB Draft
- NBA draft
- MLS SuperDraft
- NFL draft
- NHL Entry Draft
- KHL Junior Draft
- CHL Import Draft
- WNBA Draft
- History of the draft on the website of the MLB (Engl.)
- Draft rules on the website of the MLB (Engl.)
- NFL Draft Rules
- ^ NHL Has A Unified Draft, But The Rules Don't Treat Europeans The Same. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- ↑ How does the NHL Entry Draft work? Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- ^ Adrian Franke: The NFL Draft explains: Equal right to drama . spox.com. April 18, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.