Manner (style)

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Manner (in the singular; from French la manière or Italian maniera , “way”; compare manners , “manners”) stands for the personal character , the handwriting of an artist or author . In the overall work, but especially also in the case of works that originate from several artists or authors, or visual works from a workshop , one also speaks generally of hand , which can be distinguished from other people on the basis of its special manner.

The manner is originally delimited from the style , which more generally describes the peculiarity of an entire art movement. In everyday language, however, the term [ personal ] style is often used in the sense of manner, so that the difference disappears. For this, the expression manner and above all the derived adjective mannered are often used disparagingly in the sense of "wanted individuality", "artifice" or "artificial", "adorned" - compare the manner (ornament) of baroque music and mannerism , the Late Renaissance style (education with -ism ): In the latter, the transition from the style-based anonymous art of the Middle Ages to the author-based art of the modern era is a part of the program. In the contemporary canon, personal development was initially only possible in the decoration in detail.

See also