According to André Jolles , a memorabilia represents a concise historical event. Like the other eight basic forms of narrative texts - legend , saga , myth , riddle , saying , case , fairy tale and joke - organize the memorabilia mental activities (life-world functions), simple forms (abstract Narrative structures) and related forms (linguistic-literary methods of text design). Out of free facts, a bound, extreme factuality is realized which results in the concrete. Jolles' reflections on the memorabilia are classified as similar to those of Roland Barthes on the reality effect, even if this is based on the mere appearance of the real.
Works of historiography and geography that are structured in lexical form can also be referred to as memorabilia (see Memorabilia Tigurina ).
Example of a memorabilia
" The suicide of the Kommerzienrat S.
The motive for the suicide of Kommerzienrat Heinrich S., who shot himself yesterday evening in his apartment at 203 Kaiserallee, is to be found in financial difficulties. S., who is from Turkestan, used to own a vodka factory, which he had sold a long time ago. The 62-year-old had expressed suicidal intent a long time ago and used the night his wife was in the concert to carry it out. The bang of the revolver was heard by Asta Nielsen , who owns the apartment next to it. Ms. Nielsen was the first to notify the doctor and the police. "
The contrast between desperation and reality (suicide) versus enjoying art (going to a concert) and playing (mentioning an actress) emphasizes the topic.
- André Jolles: Simple forms: legend, saga, myth, riddle, saying, case, memorabilia, fairy tale, joke . Max Niemeyer, Tübingen 1974, ISBN 978-3-484221-15-4 .
- Matias Martinez: Memorabile - Sage - Legend (PDF; 653 KB). In: Anne Bohnenkamp, Matias Martinez (Ed.): Intellectual trade. Comparative aspects of the Goethe era. Wallstein, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8353-0246-4 , pp. 287-310.
- André Jolles: Simple forms: legend, saga, myth, riddle, saying, case, memorabilia, fairy tale, joke. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 8th edition 2006. p. 200.
- Powerpoint presentation "Introduction to Literary Studies" , University of Erfurt, unknown author, unknown date, slide 18 f., Accessed on June 20, 2017.