Mines and Works Act
The Mines and Works Act , Act No. 12/1911 (German as: mining and Labor) is a 1911 in the South African Republic ( Transvaal law passed) Act, with the allocation of activities among the miners was set so that white workers always exercised the higher skilled tasks as possible.
Whites were assigned functions as overseers for black workers, as well as engineering or administrative functions. It was also determined that only white miners as a demolition expert work and the so-called "blasting certificate" ( German explosives permit could get). The explosion certificate became a symbol of the oppression of blacks in the mines of South Africa for the next 80 years . In section 4 (n) of the legal text, the handling of the relevant professional certificates was regulated in detail without making a literal distinction between “blacks” and “whites”.
This law was followed by others in this field. These were the Mines and Works Regulations Act of 1912 and the Mines and Works Amendment Acts of 1926 and 1956.