Central and North-Eastern Scottish dialects
The Central and North Ostrobothnian dialects (Finnish: keski- ja pohjoispohjalaiset murteet ) are a group of dialects of the Finnish language . They are counted among the Western Finnish dialects, but are also close to the Eastern Finnish dialects in many areas.
According to their name, the Central and North Ostrobothnian dialects are common in Central and Northern Ostrobothnia . In this area, settlement is mainly concentrated in the river valleys. The dialect area is very heterogeneous: a different dialect is spoken at almost every river, the dialects on the upper reaches differ from those at the mouth. To the east, the transition to the Savo dialects is quite fluid.
The differences between the Central and North Ostrobothnian dialects and the standard Finnish language are mainly phonological . The main features that characterize the Central and North-Eastern Scottish dialects are:
- A d of the written Finnish language has either dropped out in the Central and North-Eastern Scottish dialects or has been replaced by the sliding sound j ( tehä or tehjä instead of tehdä “to make”). The dialect of Veteli , on the other hand, like most Western Finnish dialects, shows an r ( tehrä ) at this point .
- In the south, as in the Savo dialects , written ts corresponds to ht , in the north to s ( mehtä or messä instead of metsä "forest").
- In contrast to the written language , intervowel h has been preserved in an unstressed position ( tupahan instead of tupaan "in the room").
- Martti Rapola: Johdatus Suomen murteisiin . 2nd Edition. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 1961.