Nabupolassar or Nabopolassar ( Babylonian Nabû-apla-uṣur ; ancient Greek Ναβοπαλάσ (σ) αρος Nabopalás (s) aros or Ναβουπολάσσαρος Nabupolássaros ; † August 9, 605 BC ) was the founder of the Neubabian Empire and the first kingdom of Neubabylon .
Nabopolassar was a general of the Assyrian king Sin-šar-iškun , whom he betrayed. He formed an alliance with the Medes against the Assyrians , who ruled Babylon for 200 years. The alliance defeated the Assyrians, and Nabopolassar left in 609 BC. To destroy all legacies of the Assyrian reign.
At least three sons are known: Nabu-šum-lisir , Nabu-zer-ušabši and Nebuchadnezzar II , who was born as early as 620 BC. Was used as a military leader for his aging father and took over the throne after his death.
Nabopolassar in the Bible
Nabopolassar is not mentioned by name in the Bible. When mentioning the battle of Karkemiš , which Nebuchadnezzar II waged while his father Nabopolassar was still alive, Nebuchadnezzar is already dubbed "King of Babel" in Jer 26.2 EU .
- Dietz Otto Edzard: History of Mesopotamia. CH Beck, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-406-51664-5 .
- Ira Maurice Price: The Nabopolassar Chronicle. Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 44, 1924 (1924), pages 122 ff.
- Flavius Josephus: Contra Apionem (aka About the old age of the Jewish people ). Chapter “The Chaldean Testimonies”, Sect. 132–135 (19) ff. Verlag Kohlhammer, ISBN 3-17-018791-0 .
- So in Berossus after Josephus, Contra Apionem 1,131.135-136 (Niese).
- So the spelling with Joachim Oelsner: Nabupolassar (os). In: The New Pauly (DNP). Volume 8, Metzler, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-476-01478-9 , Sp. 662.
King of Babylonia
626–605 BC Chr.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Nabu-apla-usur; Nabû-apla-uṣur|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Founder and first king of the New Babylonian Empire|
|DATE OF BIRTH||7th century BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 9, 605 BC Chr.|