New Kingdom of Granada

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The New Kingdom of Granada (Spanish: Nuevo Reino de Granada ) was an administrative unit of the Spanish colonial empire in South America . The area covered roughly the current area of Colombia . The kingdom existed from 1549 to 1717 and was ruled by the President of the Real Audiencia of Santa Fé de Bogotá .

After the Spanish conquered the inland in 1536, the conquistadors founded the city ​​of Santa Fé de Bogotá (today's Bogotá ) in 1538 and named the area Nuevo Reino de Granada as a reminder of the last province that was won from the Moors during the reconquest of Spain could be.

King Charles V granted the land to the conqueror Sebastián de Belalcázar in 1540 and placed it under the administrative sovereignty of the Viceroyalty of Peru . Since the ways were too far for a practical administration from Lima, the Spaniards set up their own Real Audiencia in Bogotá in 1549 , whose sphere of activity corresponded to the "New Kingdom". The presidents of the Real Audiencia should also be the captains general of New Granada.

As part of the reforms of the Bourbons, the area became part of the viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717 , which lasted until the independence of the South American states.