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Ninlil , d NIN.LÍL, Mulliltu, Mulliššu ( mistress of the air / wind ) is a goddess of the Sumerian and later also of the Akkadian , Babylonian and Assyrian religions.


Ninlil was the wife of Enlil and the mother of Nanna , Nergal and Isum , whom she abandoned on the street. At first Ninlil was a figure subordinate to the Mother of God , later named next to her. She gained a higher profile when she emerged as an advocate with Enlil. Since Enlil was identified with Aššur in Assyrian times , Ninlil was next to Ištar to his wife or daughter or was identified with Ištar.


The Ešarra temple of Aššur in Aššur also had cult areas for Ninlil. The temple was excavated by the German Orient Society from 1903.


  • Helmut Freydank u. a .: Lexicon of the Old Orient. Egypt * India * China * Western Asia , VMA-Verlag, Wiesbaden 1997 ISBN 3-928127-40-3
  • Brigitte Groneberg : The gods of the Mesopotamia. Cults, Myths, Epen , Artemis & Winkler, Stuttgart 2004 ISBN 3-7608-2306-8 .
  • Manfred Krebernik, Ninlil. Reallexikon der Assyriologie 9, Berlin - New-York, de Gruyter 1998-2001, 452–461.

Web links

Commons : Ninlil  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Erich Ebeling, Bruno Meissner, Dietz Otto Edzard, Real Lexicon of Assyriology and Near Eastern Archeology: Nab-Nuzi. Walter de Gruyter, 1998, Lemma Ninlil
  2. A. Haller / Walter Andrae, The Sanctuaries of the God Assur and the Sin-Šamaš-Tempel in Assur (Scientific publications of the German Orient Society 67; Berlin 1955); H. Galter, Sennacherib's Building Activity at the Assur Temple, Orientalia NS 53, 1984, 433-441