North Olmsted Municipal Bus Line
The North Olmsted Municipal Bus Line , or NOMBL for short , was the urban transport operator of North Olmsted , a southwestern suburb of Cleveland in the US state of Ohio . It existed from 1931 until its integration into the regional transport company Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (RTA) in 2005 and is considered the first municipal, i.e. not privately organized, transport company in Ohio.
The origins of bus operations go back to the Cleveland, Southwestern and Columbus Railway (CS&C), an interurban that has operated from Cleveland to Elyria and later to Wellington since the turn of the century . When this went bankrupt in 1929 , the city quickly took over operations on the section between the outer city limits and downtown Cleveland. The first bus left on March 1, 1931.
The first bus route followed the old interurban route along Lorain Road. As the settlement activity progressed, further lines were added in the following decades to fine-tune the residential areas and connect the neighboring towns. After completion of the interstates , express bus routes were also set up on the motorway. In 2000, 40 buses were in use on seven lines and carried over a million passengers a year.
In 1975, the responsible county, Cuyahoga County , reorganized its local transport. To this end, he founded the RTA as a district-owned transport company and raised his own taxes to compensate for the annual deficit. In order to gain access to these new financial and technical resources, the NOMBL hired itself out as a local subcontractor of the RTA from then on . However, it was retained as an independent, urban bus company, so that the city continued to have planning sovereignty in the catchment area of its bus routes.
When the RTA no longer wanted to extend the contracts in 2005, the NOMBL was finally completely taken over by the RTA on March 20, 2005.
- David B. Decsman: Cleveland Suburban Buses - North Olmstead Municipal Bus Lines (sic!). The Ohio Museum of Transportation, accessed October 28, 2010 (originally published in Motor Bus Society (Ed.): Motor Coach Age, February 1971).
- ^ H. Roger Grant, University of Akron: INTERURBANS. In: Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University, March 27, 1998, accessed October 28, 2010 .
- ↑ CLEVELAND, SOUTHWESTERN & COLUMBUS RAILWAY. (No longer available online.) In: Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University, March 27, 1998, archived from the original on June 10, 2011 ; Retrieved October 28, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ A b c Proceedings and Debates of the 106th Congress . Second session. In: United States of America (Ed.): Congressional Record . tape 146 , no. 18 . United States Government Printing Office , Washington DC 2000, p. 26397 (American English).
- ^ RTA History - About RTA. Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority, 2010, accessed October 28, 2010 .
- ^ Jeff Gallatin: Officials preparing for RTA takeover. (No longer available online.) West Life Newspaper, March 9, 2005, archived from the original July 2, 2007 ; Retrieved October 28, 2010 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.