In the Middle Ages, Opole (Latin vicinia ) was the name given to the amalgamation of several family cooperatives in Polish countries, and later the district they lived in.
The main task was initially the general guarantee, later it became the lowest administrative unit of the princes to better organize the services and tasks owed by the Opole farmers (Polonicum jus) .
The head of the Opole was a Wlodar , whose duties included the lowest jurisdiction .
During the 13th century, the Opole disappeared.
In Bohemia and Moravia , the Osada corresponded to the Opole .