Ounjougou is an archaeological site in the West African Republic of Mali .
Location and exploration
Ounjougu is located above the rocks of Bandiagara ( fr : Falaise de Bandiagara) near the city of Bandiagara . The site is part of the area in the Dogon country, which has been on the UNESCO list of world cultural heritage since 1989 .
Since 1997 the area around the Falaise de Bandiagara has been archaeologically examined in an international project Environment of the Stone Age and Settlement in West Africa , in which universities from Switzerland, France and Germany are participating. The Belgian archaeologist Eric Huysecom from the University of Geneva is the project manager and has so far published a number of publications on the project and especially on the finds in Ounjougou.
In Ounjougou finds from the Ogolian , a particularly dry period in West Africa from around 23,000 BC. BC, and then again made from the time at the beginning of the rainy Holocene . The finds from the first half of the 10th millennium BC BC contained the oldest finds of ceramic shards in sub-Saharan Africa. The finds of millstones and mortars are dated to the 8th millennium BC. Dated.
- Anne Mayor: Traditions céramiques dans la boucle du Niger . Ethnoarchéologie et histoire du peuplement au temps des empires précoloniaux . Africa Magna Verlag, Frankfurt a. M. 2011, ISBN 978-3-937248-25-7 . 
- Swiss-Liechtenstein cooperation in Ounjougou (de.)
- Website of the excavations (en.)
- Website of the Center for Interdisciplinary Africa Research at the Goethe University Frankfurt am Main
- The Early Holocene palaeoenvironment of Ounjougou (Mali): Phytoliths in a multiproxy context (summary in the archives of the University of Geneva ) (en / fr)
- Neumann, K., et al., The Early Holocene palaeoenvironment of Ounjougou (Mali): Phytoliths in a multiproxy context, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2009) , the entire text as PDF
- ↑ Eric Huysecom: When did Africa's Neolithic begin ? in: Spektrum der Wissenschaft , 8/2008, pp. 62–67
- ^ Research at the cradle of humanity in UniReport of the Goethe University , Frankfurt am Main 1/2010, pp. 16-17
Coordinates: 14 ° 37 '59.9 " N , 3 ° 13" 59.9 " W.