The Pāhoa was designed by the inhabitants of the Sandwich Islands as a weapon of war. The first models of this kind originated before colonization and are mentioned in European sources.
The Pāhoa is made of hardwood ( miro wood). It is made similar to a sword . The Pāhoa is flat, has a handle and a "blade". The outer edges are ground thin and sharp, the point thinner than the rest of the "blade part" and made pointed. The handle is flat and has a rounded knob. A hole in the pommel is used to hold a leather strap or rope and is used to secure it to the wearer's hand. There is also a version with two "blades" and a handle in the middle. It was used as a dagger and a club .
- George Cameron Stone , Donald J. LaRocca, A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armor: in All Countries and in All Times , Courier Dover Publications, 1999, ISBN 978-0-486-40726-5
- John George Wood, The uncivilized races of men in all countries of the world: being a comprehensive account of their manners and customs, and of their physical, social, mental, moral and religious characteristics, Volume 2 , Verlag JB Burr Pub. Co., 1876
- Bill Finnis, Captain James Cook: seaman and scientist , Chaucer Press, 2003, ISBN 978-1-904449-14-0